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The Renaissance was the period when Bulgarians gathered spiritual and intellectual strength to establish their right for independent political and social life, for own culture and education. The figures of the Bulgarian Renaissance, most of them educated abroad, naturally arrived at the idea of opening a higher educational institution, which "to make Bulgarians equal to the other nations that are politically independent, culturally developed and with established citizenship".

From the very beginning the founders of the Bulgarian School of Higher Education aimed at a far-reaching goal - to open "departments of various branches of science", i.e. to establish a modern university in which Departments to grow into Faculties. This idea was realized through the opening year curriculum, admission and exam system in Pedagogical Studies.The academic year consisted of two semesters and the programmes were grouped in three categories: core courses, special courses and supplementary courses.